June 04, 2023 3 min read
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint that allows for a wide range of motion, including flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, and external rotation. It is formed by the head of the femur (thighbone) and the acetabulum (socket) of the pelvis. The head of the femur is covered with articular cartilage, which helps to cushion the joint and reduce friction. The acetabulum is lined with a layer of synovial membrane, which produces synovial fluid that helps to lubricate the joint.
The hip joint is supported by a number of ligaments, including the iliofemoral ligament, the pubofemoral ligament, and the ischiofemoral ligament. These ligaments help to keep the head of the femur in the acetabulum and prevent it from dislocating.
The hip joint is also surrounded by a number of muscles, including the iliopsoas, the gluteus maximus, the gluteus medius, and the gluteus minimus. These muscles help to move the hip joint and provide stability.
It is a major weight-bearing joint and is responsible for a wide range of motion, including walking, running, jumping, and kicking.
Sports injuries to the hip can occur in a number of ways, including:
The following are some tips to prevent sports hip injuries:
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